How Do You Value A Terrace?


4 minute read

May 18, 2010

Those that know me best will understand my advocacy of outdoor space in condominiums.

Perhaps it’s a personal bias, or perhaps it’s a professional reccommendation.

But it leaves a lingering question: how do you determine a value for outdoor space?


A few weeks ago, I went to Betty’s on King Street East for a beer with a few friends.

A friend-of-a-friend who I hadn’t seen in about two years told me that she had started reading my blog; she said she found it randomly on Google, and had read about ten articles before she ever knew that I was the author!

She told me she had reached two conclusions:
1) I don’t own a bike
2) I love terraces

She was correct on both accounts.

Ironically, she and her boyfriend were both in possession of their bike seats since they had just come from a wicked ride and so we avoided discussing bike lanes and traffic congestion in the City of Toronto…

We did, however, discuss terraces and she asked me, “Dave, what kind of value do you put on a terrace?”

I considered the question in its simplified form and answered, “Oh, huge!  Terraces are sweeeeet!”

She rephrased her question and said, “No, no – I mean what kind of value – like how do you determine the value?  What kind of metric do you use?”



That’s a completely different question!

The two most commonly used metrics to determine the value of the interior of a condominium would be the comparable sales method and the price per square foot method.

If the condo one floor above you sold for $X, it would be reasonable to assume that your identical unit is worth the same.

You can also look at the price per square foot of all the units to sell in a recent window, and perhaps determine a slightly broader range.

You have to account for a host of variances, from the layouts, to the features and finishes, and of course for the presence or lack of outdoor space!

So if there’s a 620 square foot unit that has a balcony and sells for $320,000, and there is the exact same 620 square foot unit next door that does not have a balcony, what is that unit worth?

Do you just ballpark it?  Maybe throw out numbers until something hits?

“How ’bout like maybe….$312,000?  Yeah, I think that balcony is worth like eight grand.”

That’s one approach.

Every buyer will value features differently.

Just because somebody paid $10,000 for a cool “art-wall” in their loft doesn’t mean you can just tack on $10,000 to the price of the condo when you go to sell it….and leave that art-wall behind!

But I think a terrace is slightly different than an art wall, as is the presence of any form out outdoor space.

In its simplest and smallest form, a “Juliette balcony” can provide fresh air where a closed window cannot.  You can’t step out onto a Juliette, but at least you can let in the cool breeze and accommodate your friends who still don’t know that smoking is hazardous to your health…

The next step up would be one of those tiny “step-outs” that measures about two feet deep and four feet wide.  I wish I had a photo of these (they have them in my building at 230 King Street) but unfortunately, I don’t think many Realtors take photos of these and put them on MLS as advertising ploys…

So then let’s consider an actual balcony that measures four feet deep by about ten feet wide.  That’s forty square feet.

How do you value that?

Do you put a lump sum on it – call it $5,000?

Or are we looking at price per square foot?

If we considered any and all “outdoor space” to fetch $80 – $100 per square foot; a far cry from the $500/sqft average of the interior of most condominiums, then this balcony would be worth upwards of $4,000.

But here’s the rub: how do we distinguish between a balcony and a terrace?

If we’re going to put a value of $100 per square foot on something like this:


Then can we really put the same value on something like this:

penaltybox.JPGI call that little balcony “the penalty box.”

That’s the balcony that sits atop my extra large terrace, and I have NEVER seen the person who lives in that condo actually sit outside on his balcony.

It’s shaped like a penalty box, and it must feel the same way.  To sit in that 4 x 6 cube and overlook my terrace; watching me garden, half-naked, while singing “Time After Time” by 80’s pop sensation Tiffany must be rather unappealing to this condo-owner. 

So is that outdoor space actually worth anything?  It can’t be, since this guy or gal has never used it!

So then, are we back to the lump-sum, every-situation-is-different method of valuation?

When I sold a unit at King George Square with a beautiful 330 square foot terrace, I had a conversation with the owner of the identical unit one level above.  She asked me what her condo was worth, relative to the unit below, and I said, “Your condo is the exact same thing with no terrace…..I’d have to take off about $35,000, maybe, $40,000”

In essence, that was a lump-sum approach – calling it $35,000.

But I also considered that while other terraces may command upwards of $100 per square foot, this terrace was “open air” since there were no other balconies or terraces above it, and it came upgraded with cedar-tiles, which are not cheap!  The view over King Street and George Street was unobstructed, and the sunshine was fantastic.  I had to

So does the price per square foot increase as the square footage does?

I would have to argue, yes.

I had a client purchase a penthouse at Quad Lofts with a massive 800 square foot terrace with all the bells & whistles.  The unit below was the same layout, but I figured that this terrace had to be “worth” up to $125,000.

Eventually, however, you can receive diminishing returns as the square footage increases.

A terrace of 3,000 square feet can’t be valued at $400,000, can it?

Eventually, your marginal utility diminishes as the size of the terrace increases.  I suppose there’s only so much you can do with 2,000 square feet outside.

So if I had to “ballpark it,” I would say that a terrace of 200 square feet or more is worth about $80 – $120 per square foot depending on the view, exposure, height, surface (concrete versus cedar tile), privacy (or lack thereof), whether there is a natural gas line for a BBQ (or whether propane tanks are allowed by the condominium), and of course the measurements of the outdoor space itself. 

A 60-foot-long balcony that is 4-feet wide isn’t nearly as useful as a terrace that is 15.5 x 15.5 feet.

There are a host of factors to consider when valuing outdoor space.

I suppose in the end, it all boils down to the buyer and what he or she puts a value on.

We’ll just have to hope that the seller agrees…

Written By David Fleming

David Fleming is the author of Toronto Realty Blog, founded in 2007. He combined his passion for writing and real estate to create a space for honest information and two-way communication in a complex and dynamic market. David is a licensed Broker and the Broker of Record for Bosley – Toronto Realty Group

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  1. David Fleming

    at 9:35 am

    @ Chuck

    Dammit! I realized that last night while laying in bed and I thought, “Do I really wanna go turn on my laptop and fix this? Will anybody notice?”

    Chuck, you must be a HUGE Footloose fan! 🙂

  2. Destructicus

    at 10:43 am

    “the second hand unwinds”

    Never seen Footloose, but that error jumped out at me too. Great song.

    I look at those penalty box (or smaller) balconies in pretty simplistic terms: Smokers will want them (assuming it’s illegal to smoke indoors in your building, and that people obey the law). I don’t think it would be a stretch to fix a price to the feature of avoiding elevator rides every time you want to smoke.

    Then again, I’m a non-smoker so I’m just guessing.

  3. David Fleming

    at 10:55 am

    @ Chuck

    Now I have it! I was thinking of the song, “I Think We’re Alone Now.”

    Did you know that Tiffany is STILL recording? She’s been charting on the Billboard Hot Dance Club Play chart regularly since 2007.

  4. David Fleming

    at 10:58 am

    @ Destructicus

    “assuming it’s illegal to smoke indoors in your building…”

    Not so.

    In your own condo, you can do whatever you want, within reason.

    You can certainly smoke in your own condo!

    You might not be able to conduct satanic rituals and cut the heads off goats within the comfy confines of TSCC 1708, but you can certainly smoke a cigarette, cigar, cigarello, or whatever else you choose…

  5. Patrick

    at 2:17 pm

    Hey David – I’d e-mailed you a little while ago about balcony decking (thanks again for the follow-up). Just wondering if you happen to know where the cedar tiles in the photo you posted were purchased from (based on my research I think that’s the way I want to go).

  6. George

    at 6:43 pm

    Your point about price per square foot increasing as the number of square feet increases is a great one. I also think the price per square foot of outdoor space increases if the listing occurs in a warm-weather month, where it can be shown off in all its glory and buyers might overlook that warm weather is fleeting around here.

  7. George

    at 11:19 pm

    Patrick – Canadian Tire has a similar (or maybe even identical) product available for sale.

  8. Pingback: 7 Guidelines To Choosing A Great Patio Umbrella | Outdoor Umbrella Lights
  9. Patrick Parkhurst

    at 8:44 am

    @ Patrick.

    First of all, I am Patrick. Don’t mess around…

    The deck tiles in the photo are called “KwikDek” — you can google that. They used to sell them at Home Depot but not any more, so you may need to be creative in your sourcing.

    Ikea also has a knock off version that a colleague of mine picked up (they are cheaper per sqft, so likely cheaper in quality), but he seems pretty happy with them. They are called “Platta floor decking”.

    In my experience they look better when stained a darker colour, but obviously it is more work.

    Good luck!

  10. Toronto Photographer Guy

    at 2:59 pm

    Really nice terrace. If you ever sell that place make sure your agent hires a real estate photographer.

  11. Krupo

    at 12:33 am

    Photog, nice ploy – but fix your site… “Bee it a person or a group…”

    Um, yeah.

  12. Craig

    at 9:49 pm

    Great blog, am enjoying it immensely.

    I’m thinking the “penalty box” and the terrace actually belong to the same unit, as it appears to be a 2 storey condo like the type found in the King St West neighborhood.

  13. David Fleming

    at 9:54 pm

    @ Craig

    No, no – the terrace is mine, and the penalty box belongs to the unit above me.

  14. DR

    at 2:30 pm

    Look upwards if you are considering buying a suite with a terrace, a lot of balconies straight up above you means you’ll be picking up plenty of other people’s garbage. I bought a suite with a 200 sq. ft. terrace at 8 Park Road 18 months ago and in that time I’ve dealt with endless cigarette butts (still lit), discarded cigarette packages, chewed gum, drinks, beer bottles, mops, and the worst – a dead body when a guy jumped from his balcony.

  15. MD

    at 9:41 am

    For penthouses, how would you place a value on a Terrace having exclusive use as opposed to it bieng a private portion.

  16. Deniece

    at 6:13 pm

    I have a small 3 x 4 at the back of my main floor (condo townhouse). Have smoked there for 2 years. Next door neighbour (an uptight type) asked me not to smoke there anymore. Nobody else has mentioned it, I am the only one with a table a chair set up etc. Can I smoke out there???

    1. David Fleming

      at 9:27 pm

      @ Deniece

      It’s a free world. You can’t smoke inside a restaurant, as per municipal laws, nor can you smoke anywhere else that it is prohibited. But there’s likely nothing in your condominium declaration that prohibits you from smoking outdoors in your exclusive use common space, aka your terrace.

      Tell your neighbour to mind his own business.

  17. artfrank

    at 7:08 pm

    Great stuff ! I want to thank the author for publishing this great read. I love your effort for putting in this blog. Stars wall art – starsonart .

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